Born and raised in Shanghai, Shen Wei is a visual artist based in New York City and Shanghai. He is known for his intimate self-portraits and portraits of others, as well as his poetic images of contemporary China. His work has been exhibited internationally, with venues including the Museum of the City of New York, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Power Station of Art in Shanghai, La Triennale di Milano, the North Carolina Museum of Art, the He Xiangning Art Museum in Shenzhen, China, and the Moscow Museum of Modern Art. His work has been featured in The New Yorker, The Guardian, CNN, Aperture, ARTnews, American Photo, Chinese Photography, Paris Review, and Financial Times.
Shen Wei’s work is included in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the J. Paul Getty Museum, the Museum of Contemporary Photography, the Library of Congress, the Carnegie Museum of Art, the Museum of Chinese in America, CAFA Art Museum, and the Ringling Museum of Art, among others.
Shen Wei is a recipient of the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center Arts Residency, the Asian Cultural Council Arts & Religion Fellowship, the New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship, and the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council Arts Grant. He holds an MFA in photography, video, and related media from the School of Visual Arts, New York; and a BFA in photography from Minneapolis College of Art and Design.
Flowers Gallery Kingsland Road, Shen Wei, London, NY
Xie Zilong Photography Museum, Shen Wei: Blossoms, Changsha, China
ON/Gallery, Undefined Time of Intuition, Beijing, China
Flowers Gallery, Between Blossoms, New York, NY
Signum Foundation Gallery, Between Blossoms, Lodz, Poland
Visionairs Gallery, Invisible Atlas, Singapore
SinArts Gallery, Between Blossoms, The Hague, Netherlands
Galerie Christophe Tailleur, Dusk of the Harmonious Garden, Strasbourg, France
Flowers Gallery, Invisible Atlas, New York, NY
H Gallery, I Miss You Already, Bangkok, Thailand
LA. Galerie Lothar Albrecht, Chinese Sentiment, Frankfurt, Germany
Daniel Cooney Fine Art, I Miss You Already, New York, NY
Light Work, I Miss You Already, New York, NY
Epson Imaging Gallery, Chinese Sentiment, Shanghai, China
Monika Olko Gallery, Chinese Sentiment, Sag Harbor, NY
Athens Photo Festival 2012, Chinese Sentiment, Athens, Greece
Daniel Cooney Fine Art, Chinese Sentiment, New York, NY
Art Institute of Boston, Chinese Sentiment, Boston, MA
Chinese American Arts Council, Almost Naked, New York, NY
Lumenvisum, Chinese Sentiment, Hong Kong, China
Randall Scott Gallery, Almost Naked, New York, NY
Kunst Licht Gallery, Almost Naked, Shanghai, China
Chinese American Arts Council, Concubines of New York, New York, NY
Elkins Gallery, Almost Naked, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
Chinese American Arts Council, Concubines of NY, New York
TIXE Gallery, Behind the Persona, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA
CAFA Art Museum, Beijing, China
Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, IL
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, FL
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA
Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, FL
North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, NC
He Xiangning Art Museum, Shenzhen, China
Florida Museum of Photographic Arts, Tampa, FL
Griffin Museum of Photography, Winchester, MA
Southeast Museum of photography, Daytona, FL
Museum of Chinese in America, New York, NY
Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FL
Lilley Museum of Art, Reno, NV
Rockefeller Brothers Fund, New York, NY
C. V. Starr Foundation, New York, NY
Alexander Tutsek-Stiftung, Munich, Germany
Sunpride Foundation, Hong Kong
Kinsey Institute, Indianapolis, IN
Light Work, Syracuse, NY
Credit Suisse, Zurich, Switzerland
United Airlines, Chicago, IL
Target, Minneapolis, MN
Agnes Gund Collection, New York, NY
John J. Studzinski Collection, New York / London
Allen G. Thomas Jr. Collection, Wilson, NC
Jonathan F. Fanton Collection, New York, NY
Selected Group Exhibitions:
Museum of Contemporary Photography, Go Down Moses, Chicago, IL
Hasselblad Foundation, Moonlight – 50 Years of Photographing the Moon, Göteborg, Sweden
Museo Fotografia Contemporanea, West East, Milan, Italy
Magda Danysz Gallery, La Main Qui Dessinait Tout Seule, Shanghai, China
SinArts Gallery, Consciousness, The Hague, Netherlands
Corcoran School of the Arts & Design, From The Margins, Washington, DC
Up Gallery, Hsinchu City, Taiwan
Harn Museum of Art, Inside Outside: Outside Inside, Gainsville, FL
CAFA Art Museum, 3rd Beijing Photo Biennial, Beijing, China
Museo Universitario del Chopo, Divina Comedia, Mexico City, Mexico
galerie with tsjalling, Menage à Trois, Groningen, The Netherlands
SinArts Gallery, Menage à Trois, The Hague, The Netherlands
Qlick Gallery, Menage à Trois, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Boston University Art Galleries, Occupancies, Boston, MA
Bundoora Homestead Art Center, Closing the Distance, Melbourne, Australia
Block Gallery, Plausible Worlds, Raleigh, NC
M97 Gallery, Photosynthesis, Shanghai, China
SinArts Gallery, Old Heroes New Heroes, The Hague, Netherlands
Power Station of Art, Snacks, Shanghai, China
The Ringling Museum of Art, Exposure: Naked before the lens, Sarasota, FL
ArtexArte Fundación Alfonso y Luz Castillo, Body and Desire, Buenos Aires, Argentina
La Triennale di Milano, Arts & Foods. Rituals since 1851. Milan, Italy
Langenzersdorf Museum, Still, Langenzersdorf, Austria
Museum of Fine Arts, Five Decades of Photography at MFA, St. Petersburg, FL
Galerie Foto-Forum, Still, Bolzano, Italy
Niederösterreich Gesellschaft für Kunst und Kultur, Still, St. Pölten, Austria
Museum Orth, Still, Orth, Austria
Haus der Kunst, Still, Baden, Austria
Soo Visual Arts Center, Exploring Art Patronage, Minneapolis, MN
CCI Fabrica, Reminder Function, Moscow, Russia
Format International Photography Festival, Contemporary Photobooks from China, Derby, UK
North Carolina Museum of Art, Private Eye, Raleigh, NC
Serendipia Gallery of Art, Impermeables, Madrid, Spain
Flowers Gallery, Interiors, New York, NY
VanDernoot Gallery Lesley University, Visible Soul, Cambridge, MA
AIVA International Video Art Festival, Bubble (2013), Finspang, Sweden
Flowers Gallery, Small is Beautiful, New York, NY
Flanders Gallery, Frames per Second, Raleigh, NC
Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Recent Acquisitions: Prints, Drawings, & Photographs, FL
The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Making Pictures of People, Kansas City, MO
He Xiangning Art Museum, Local Future, Shenzhen, China
Moscow Museum of Modern Art. Between Image and Personality. Moscow, Russia
Flowers Gallery. Under My Skin: Contemporary Nudes. New York, NY
Ningbo Museum of Art, Austrian Contemporary Art made in China, Ningbo, China
Space Station, Bare Life, Beijing, China
Krasnoyarsk International Media Art Festival, Now & After, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
School of International Center of Photography, Stories in the Social Landscape, New York
Turchin Center for the Visual Arts. Men Working: The Collection of Allen Thomas. Boone, NC
The Kinsey Institute, Face Value: Portraits from The Kinsey Institute, Bloomington, IN
Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Size really Does Matter, Los Angeles, CA
Noorderlicht Photofestival, Asian Photography of Global Stature, Groningen, The Netherlands
Sheppard Contemporary, Refigured, University Of Nevada, Reno, NV
Lishui International Photo Festival, Lishui, Zhejiang Province, China
Wasserman Project, Summer Group Show, Birmingham, MI
Moproo Gallery, Summer in the City, Shanghai, China
Philadelphia Museum of Art, PMA Photography Portfolio 2012, Philadelphia, PA
Southeast Museum of Photography, Anthology 2012, Daytona Beach, FL
Liu Haisu Art Museum, Hong Kong and One World, Shanghai, China
Daegu Photo Biennale, Special Exhibition: Repositioned Personal, Daegu, Korea
Moproo Gallery, My Own Private Room, Shanghai, China
Austro Sino Arts Program, Left and Right, Beijing, China
ArtScience Museum at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore Inte. Photography Festival, Singapore
Shanghai International Photographic Art Exhibition, Shanghai, China
Bruce Silverstein Gallery, 29×29, New York, NY
Museum of the City of New York, Moveable Feast, New York, NY
Harn Museum of Art, Highlights from the Asian Collection, Gainesville, Florida
Cantor Fitzgerald Gallery at Haverford College, Through the Plain Camera, Haverford, PA
Noorderlicht Photofestival 2011, Metropolis, Groningen, The Netherlands
Stacion Center for Contemporary Art Prishtina, I have also other favorites, Prishtina, Kosova
White Space Gallery, kunst.licht Photo Art Gallery in Beijing, Beijing, China
Australia Center for Photography, 100 Portraits, Sydney, Australia
DOB Hualamphong Gallery, Human/Time/Space, Bangkok, Thailand
Epsite Gallery, Faces of Life, Shanghai, China
CAFA Art Museum, Faces of Life, Beijing, China
Flauders Art Gallery, Open Season, Raleigh, NC
The Kinsey Institute, Nature & Nurture, Bloomington, IN
Daniel Cooney Fine Art, Self Exposure, New York, NY
Corcoran Gallery of Art,100 Portraits at, Washington D.C.
The Arts Council of Wilson, From The Collection of Allen Thomas, Jr., Wilson, NC
Galleria Contemporaneo, Global Photography, Venice, Italy.
Gallery at the Gershwin, Longing alive and well, New York, NY
Savignano Immagini La Fotografia, Global Photography, Savignano, Italy
J&Z Gallery, Portraits of Youth, Shenzhen, China
Phil. Gallery, Inside of Me, Los Angeles, CA
T&P Fine Art, Focus, Philadelphia, PA
Michael Mazzeo Gallery, Bare, New York, NY
Pingyao International Photography Festival, Pingyao, Shanxi Province, China
The University of Arts. Best of Show. Philadelphia, PA
Lianzhou International Photo Festival, Lianzhou, Guangdong Province, China
Australian Centre for Photography, Hijacked, Sydney, Australia.
Shanghai International Photo Exhibition, SongJiang Art Museum, Shanghai, China
Randall Scott Gallery, Washington D.C.
Silver Eye Center for Photography, Pittsburgh, PA
Katzen Art Center, The Washington Project for the Arts, Washington DC
Deutsche Bank Gallery, Dare to Struggle, Dare to Win, New York, NY
Foto Freo, Hijacked, Fremantle, WA, Australia
Fluctuating Images, Hijacked, Stuttgart, Germany
Saatchi Gallery for the Zoo Art Fair, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK
Griffin Museum of Photography, Annual Exhibition, Winchester, MA
ZONE Chelsea Center for the Arts, U Can’t Touch Dis, New York, NY
Jen Bekman Gallery, A New American Portrait, New York, NY
Gallery 456, China on Paper: Eroticsim, New York, NY
Center on Contemporary Art, 2006 CoCA Annual, Seattle, WA
Contemporary Project Space, Variety, New York, NY
Dougherty Art Center, TPS15, Austin, TX
3rdWard Gallery, Strange Instrument, Brooklyn, NY
Visual Arts Gallery, Early Work, New York, NY
2005 – 2000
Lincoln Center Avery Fisher Hall, Obsession, New York, NY
Lincoln Center Avery Fisher Hall, Mainlanded, New York, NY
SoHo Photo, Double Exposure, New York, NY
Minnesota Center for Photography, ASMP Personal Work, Minneapolis
Intermedia Arts, Flaming Film Festival, Minneapolis, MN
Minnetonka Center for the Arts, Photo Exhibition 2001, Wayzata, MN
Intermedia Arts, 55408, Minneapolis, MN
Calhoun Gallery, Visual Language, Minneapolis, MN
School of Visual Arts, New York, NY
MFA, Photography, Video and Related Media.
Minneapolis College of Art and Design, Minneapolis, MN
Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, China
Decorative Art and Design
Monographs & Book Features:
Still. NoART. St. Pölten, Austria. Weiermair, Peter.
Photographer’s Playbook. Aperture Foundation. New York, NY. Fulford. Halpern.
The Opera Vol. III. Verber Verlag. Bielefeld, Germany. Straub, Matthias.
The Nude in Photography. J. Paul Getty Museum. Los Angeles, CA. Martineau, Paul.
Still Life. (Limited Edition Monograph) All Saints Press. Innsbruck, Austria. Weiermair, Peter.
The Naked & The Nude. Photoinstitut Bonartes. Vienna, Austria. Weiermair, Peter.
Contatti. Postcart srl. Rome, Italy. De Gasperis, Giammaria.
Lens Plus. Shanghai Cultural Publishing House. Shanghai, China. Gang, Wang.
Contact Sheet – Shen Wei. Light Work. Syracuse, NY.
Chinese Sentiment. (Monograph). Charles Lane Press. New York, NY.
Metropolis: City Life in the Urban Age. Noorderlicht. The Netherlands.
Through the Plain Camera. (Exhibition Catalogue) Haverford College. Haverford, PA.
Almost Naked (Limited Edition Monograph). Xing Biao Press. Shanghai, China.
Global Photography: Looking at / looking for. Pazzini Editore. Italy.
Energia: Umanita = Futuro: Ambiente. Terna. Italy.
Hijacked: Australia and American Photography. Big City Press. Sydney, Australia.
Flash Forward. Magenta Foundation. Canada.
Awards and Residencies:
New York Foundation for the Arts, Photography Fellowship
The Studios of Key West, Artist in Residency
Hong Kong Design Institute, Visiting Fellow
Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2012 Photography Portfolio Competition Winner
Asian Cultural Council, Asian Art and Religion Fellowship
Light Work, Artist-in-Residency, Syracuse University, NY
Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center, Creative Artist Residency, Italy
New York Photo Festival, Best Book Nominee
Urban Artist Initiative / New York City Fellowship
Photo District News, PDN30
Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, Manhattan Arts Fund
China Pingyao International Photography Festival, Excellent Photographer Award
Santa Fe Photo Prize, Nominee
The Griffin Museum of Photography, The Griffin Award
American Photo, Top 15 Artist of the Year
Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, Manhattan Arts Fund
Magenta Foundation, Flash Forward 2007 Winner
Chinese American Arts Council, Most Outstanding Young Asian Artist Award
Lecture and Artist Talk:
Aperture Foundation, New York, NY
Parsons School of Design, New York, NY
School of Visual Arts, New York, NY
Hong Kong Design Institute, Hong Kong
International Center of Photography, New York, NY
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY
Art Institute of Boston, Cambridge, MA
Otis College of Art and Design, Los Angeles, CA
Hamilton College, Clinton, NY
Renmin University of China, Beijing, China
The University of Memphis, memphis, TN
Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
OfPix Foundation, Beijing, China
Three Shadows Photography Art Center, Beijing, China
China Photographic Publishing House, Beijing, China
The Guardian. “Shen Wei’s best photograph”. May 30, 2019. London, UK. Sawa, Dale Berning.
British Journal of Photography, “Broken Sleeve”. May 2, 2019. London, UK. Warner, Marigold
Le Figaro. “Les tribulations de la photo en Chine”. 26 March, 2019. Paris, France. Duponchelle, Valerie.
Transfuge Magazine. “Une génération chinoise à nu”. March, 2019. Paris, France. Guette, Henri.
EXIT Magazine. “Jardin / Garden.” Issue 71. September, 2018. Madrid, Spain.
Photography is Art, “Spectators on the City’s Sideline.” Yao, Yao. Oct. 2018. Hong Kong.
Dagblad van het Noorden, “Galerie-eilandjes werken samen,” Feb. 2018. Netherlands.
The Paris Review, “Between Blossoms”April 12, 2017. Piepenbring, Dan.
Financial Times. “Snapshot: ‘Between Blossoms’ by Shen Wei.” March 3, 2017. Franklin, Alice.
CNN Style. “The dreamy, intimate portraits of Shen Wei.” October 27, 2016. Chan, Wilfred.
The Guardian. “In bloom: the erotic botanics of Shen Wei – in pictures.” September 23, 2017.
Rai News. “Punctum – Il mondo di Shen Wei.” Feb. 25, 2015. Bolzani, Cristina.
Chinese Photography. “Shen Wei – I Miss You Already.” Feb. 2015. Hannah Frieser.
City Zine. “Shen Wei.” Feb. 2015. Fu, Joanna.
EXIT Image & Culture. “Desnudos: Nudes.” April, 2014. Madrid, Spain.
Tampa Bay Times. “Review: Gems to discover among Museum of Fine Arts’ recent acquisitions.” Jan. 13, 2014. Bennett, Lennie
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. “Fremde und vertraute chinesische Gefuhle.” Jan. 8, 2014. Schutte, Christoph.
Frankfurter Rundschau, “Unangetastetes China.” Dec. 23, 2013.
Frankfurter Neue Presse. “Momente zwischen Aufbruch und Abbruch.” Dec. 10, 2013. Derouiche, Gabriele.
Junhong Fortune. “Erotica and Innocence.” November, 2013. Zhang, Wenyi.
Time Out New York. “Under My Skin: Nudes in Contemporary Photography.” August 24, 2013
GQ China. “Feature: Shen Wei – Upright in the Fog.” April, 2013. Xiaosong, Tang.
ARTnews. “Review: Shen Wei.” December, 2012. Kley, Elisabeth.
The New Yorker. “Goings On About Town Art: Shen Wei.” September 10, 2012. Aletti, Vince.
Time Out New York. “Picture Imperfect.” September 13, 2012.
China Photo Press. “Chinese Sentiment.” August, 2012. Wei, Jiang.
ARTnews. “Double Exposure.” May, 2012. Landi, Ann.
Pipeline. “Liberating Gentle Tease – Interview with Shen Wei.” May, 2012. Kozyreva, Cristina.
Grand Design. “Chinese Sentiment”. July, 2012. Liyun, Liu.
Cocao Magazine. “Beloved, Stranger.” Special Issue: New York. Chao, Bruce.
Life Magazine China. “Table Sentiment.” November, 2011. Ling, Huchong; Wei, Jiang.
ArtScope. “Shen Wei: Chinese Sentiment.” September/Pctober, 2011. Liu, Franklin W.
The Outlook Magazine. “Creative 100.” August, 2011. Amos.
Ming Magazine. “Shen Wei – Chinese Sentiment” July, 2011. Wei, Jiang.
The New Yorker. “Goings On About Town Art: Shen Wei.” June 6, 2011. Aletti, Vince.
The New Yorker. “Critic’s Notebook: Food for Thought.” May 23, 2011. Aletti, Vince.
Wall Street Journal. “Moveable Feast: Fresh Produce and NYC Green Cart Program.” May 7, 2011. Meyers, William.
Shanghai Photography, “Faces of Life – Contemporary Chinese Portraits.” May/June, 2011. Wei, Jiang.
Artinfo.com, “The Agenda: Chinese Sentiment – photographs by Shen Wei. ” April, 2011
Antiques and The Arts Weekly, “At Daniel Cooney, Solo Exhibit of Shen Wei’s Photographs.” April, 2011
Life Magazine (China) Special Edition, “Faces of Life.”. December, 2010. Jiang Wei.
Aperture, “The NYC Green Cart Photography Commission – Fresh Produce by Shen Wei.” Winter, 2010.
The New Yorker, “Goings on About Town – Review: Sef Exposure”, July, 2010. Vince Aletti.
Life Magazine (China), “Shanghai Surprise.” June, 2010. Jiang Wei, Li Jingjing.
Photo World. “Making of the 1416 Workshop.” January 2010. Ren Yue.
Artforum. “Review: Portrait of the Youth”. June, 2009. Mathieu Borysevicz.
Art China. “Portrait of the Youth.” June, 2009. Azure Wu.
Life Magazine (China). “Almost Naked.” June, 2009. Beibei Yin.
Travel+Leisure. “Modern Traveler: Shen Wei.” March, 2009. Tao Zi.
Homeland. “Ten Minutes Interview: Shen Wei” February, 2009. Na Tsu.
Photo Art Asia. “Asian Artists in World Focuses: Shen Wei.” December, 2008. Joerg Colberg.
Photo Review. “The 2008 Photo Review Competition Winners.” December, 2008.
Zing Magazine. “Shen Wei Almost Naked.” November 2008. Stella.
TimeOut Shanghai. “Shen Wei: The Bridge of Physical Nakedness.” October, 2008. Jay Hai.
NY Arts. “Shen Wei – Almost Naked.” March, 2008.
Vision. “Vision China: Almost Naked.” May, 2008. Chan Chan.
Life Element. “Almost Naked.” May, 2008. Meng Mate.
Photo District News. “30 New and Emerging Photographers to Watch in 2008.” March, 2008.
La Tempestad. “Almost Naked by Shen Wei.” February, 2008.
Chinese Photography. “Atman, Introspection and Freedom, an interview with Shen Wei.” February, 2008. Ren Yue.
Chinese Photography. “Behind Mask – About Shen Wei.” February, 2008. Joreg Colberg.
China Photo Press. “Special Feature: Faces of 2007 in photography.” January 4, 2008.
Pics Magazine. “Shen Wei – Almost Naked.” 2008
Art Times. “U Can’t Touch Dis.” September, 2007.
American Photo. “A New Generation of Photo Pioneers.” November/December, 2007. Miki Johnson.
0086 Magazine. “Shen Wei Near Bareness.” DPecember, 2007. Jeuce Huang.
China Photo Press. “American Photo’s 15 Emerging Artists.” November 9, 2007. Zheng Lijun.
Saatchi News. “Shen Wei: Saatchi Online Critics’ Choice.” July 2, 2007. Aaron Schuman.
Wonkavision. “Feature Artist: Shen Wei.” May, 2007. Chad Muthard.
JPG Magazine . “Photo Essay: Almost Naked by Shen Wei.” March, 2007.
Shanghai Decor. “Special Feature: Oversea Express – Shen Wei.” March, 2007.
China Press . “Concubines of New York captures the stories behind Chinese Opera .” March 10. 2007. William Yep.
World Journal . “Shen Wei photography on Chinese Opera.” March 10, 2007. David Hsieh.
American Photo. “Images of the Year.” Jan/Feb, 2007.
Sing Tao Daily. “Behind the Scene: Shen Wei’s Concubines of New York.” March. 7, 2007. Wu Gang.
Ming Pao Daily News. “Preview of Concubines of New York by Shen Wei.” March 9, 2007. Eric Wang.
Ilterzoocchio. “Shen Wei: Nudi non solo.” February 23, 2007.
Sing Tao Daily . “Shen Wei at Jen Bekman Gallery.” December 14, 2006. Locus Chow.
Ming Pao Daily News. “Shen Wei’s Photography.” December 14. 2006. Yang Yang.
The Stranger. “In Art News.” December 5, 2006. Jen Graves.
Texas Photographic Society. ” Thoughts on the curating the “TPS 15.” ” August, 2006. Harris Fogel.
The New York Ilbo. “2006 Contemporary Project Space Show.” September 11, 2006
Blueeyes Magazine. “Portfolio: Shen Wei.” July, 2006.
Conscientious . “A Conversation with Shen Wei.” June 6, 2006. Joerg Colberg.
World Journal. “Asian photography exhibition at Lincoln Center.” August, 2005. David Hsieh.
Liberty Times. “The Obsession.” July, 2005. Liu, Jie.
St. Paul Pioneer Press. “Stay Focused.” September 5, 2004. Rhoda Fukushima.
IntermediaArts . “Flaming Film Festival.” June, 2002.
St. Paul pioneer Press. “Two Roads Converge.” July, 2004. Fukushima, Rhoda.